Can Posting a Video on Snap Chat be considered a Written Threat?

May 6, 2022 Criminal Defense, Juvenile Offenses, Sex Crimes, Violent Crimes

Teenagers are often categorized as emotional, dramatic, or even illogical risk-takers. Studies show that the reason they are prone to making these types of choices is simply due to the normal development of their brain.

A story by Amanda Leigh Mascarelli, explains how the constant tug of war that the teenage brain experiences is logical when considering its purpose. Teenagers are prone to serious risk-taking as a matter of evolution. It is in these years that a normally healthy teenager is supposed to be leaving “behind the protection provided by their parents and start exploring their environment.”

So, what happens when an emotionally charged teenager mixes their passion-driven ideas with social media? Well, things can get dangerous. Ever since the State of Florida changed the way they interpret threats; more and more cases have shown up with young adults being charged with a felony for posting threats on social media.

Can a Snapchat story or an Instagram video infringe on other people’s rights? How far can a young adult’s right to free speech allow them to make emotional or dramatic statements? We will delve into this and more in this blog!

The Story of Colin Boyer

Colin Boyer, an 18-year-old student at Father Lopez High School in Daytona Beach was arrested by the Ormond Beach Police after they learned that he posted some threatening videos on Snapchat while playing “Fortnite” on his Xbox.

According to Colin Boyer’s Charging Affidavit, he was charged on February 07, 2022, with a Written or Electronic threat to Kill or Injure. The Affidavit states that at 2:25 am, Boyer’s High School received an email with information about two short video clips where Boyer is making vague threats to conduct a mass shooting at his High School. Police quickly investigated and responded to the threat.

Boyer claims in his statement to the police that he was having a “bad day” when he made those videos and that he never intended to carry out his threat. He further commented how he was upset at a school administrator, and it seems plausible that he was just venting to his friends while he played video games. Nonetheless, the law takes all of these statements very seriously, especially since there have been many real shootings taking place in recent years. The law doesn’t make exceptions for a teenager who is unable to pull out of his bad mood, or who knows better but still goes and says or posts things that can cause other people to feel threatened.

In a statement obtained by the Ormond Beach Observer, the head of the Ormond Beach Police Department, Jesse Godfrey said “I am very proud of the person(s) who came forward and reported this incident… the suspect, in this case, was quickly identified, contacted, interviewed and appropriately charged in this situation.”

Boyer’s court record, Case #2022 300553 CFDB, shows he was given a $5,000 Bail and has plead not guilty to the charge.

The Clay County Snapchat Shooting Threat

A story reported by News 4 Jax shows the danger and seriousness posed by even minors who make threats on social media. On March 9, 20221, a 16-year-old student made a vague threat towards schools in Clay and Duval County, Florida through his Snapchat story. His message read “If you live in clay county or. Duval County be safe’s an. Active shooter coming to all y’all schools”

This simple message led 22% of high school students in Clay County to not show up to school because of the threat. On June 24, 2021, the police identified the identity of the student who made the threat and warned of the impact and dangers posed by such messages on social media.

This story is a great example to highlight how even a message without much substantiated evidence of the threat is currently being taken seriously by the police. This is in parts of the many active shootings that have happened in the State. To read more about a developing story on school shooter Nikolas Cruz, you can go to our blog here.

What is the Written Crimes Law?

Florida has recently passed a new bill that expands upon electronic threats. Under Fla. Stat. Section 863.10 indirect threats through social media posts, videos, or stories are now criminally sanctioned. A young adult who threatens to kill or do bodily harm to another person, or who threatens to conduct a mass shooting, on their Snapchat story could very well lead to that person’s arrest.

Under Florida law, it is a crime for any person to send, post, or transmit, whether on paper, electronically, or in any other manner, something that includes:

  1. a threat to kill or do bodily harm to another person; or
  2. a threat to conduct a mass shooting or act of terrorism.

This crime is classified as a second-degree felony and is punishable by up to fifteen years in prison or a fine not to exceed $10,000. To read more about second-degree felonies visit our blog here or you can visit our blog about written threats here.

But the Law says Written Crimes, and all I did was post a video/photo.

The law has recently changed to include most modern forms of communications. Under the newly adopted law, the legislature amended the law to better encompass what is an electronic record. The law now states:

(1) As used in this section, the term “electronic record” means any record created, modified, archived, received, or distributed electronically which contains any combination of text, graphics, video, audio, or pictorial represented in digital form, but does not include a telephone call.

This means that even a video or photo that conveys a threat to kill, harm, or conduct a mass shooting could be seen as violating the law.

So, What is a Threat?

Well, it depends on the specific facts of the case. The court in Puy v. State found that because the legislation did not provide a definition for “threat” in the law, “threat” should “be given its plain meaning which would be measured by common understanding and practice.” The court goes on to define “threat” by the definition given in Merriam-Webster online dictionary as “an expression of intention to inflict evil, injury, or damage.” Phrased in a simpler way, a threat is a communication intended to express harm.

David Puy, a former high school student, posted a Snapchat photo with the caption “On my way! School shooter.” A student at Puy’s former high school saw the captioned photo and then showed it to a teacher. This led to the investigation and arrest of Puy, who ended up pleading no contest to the charges. During his appeal, the court in Puy, cites to Smith v. State to further interpret what is a threat under the law. In Smith, the court interpreted a “threat” to depend on whether the communication was “sufficient to cause alarm in reasonable persons.”

The court in Puy further explains that ultimately, whether a communication is a threat under the law is a matter to be decided by the jury. This means that the court will be looking at what they call, the “totality of the circumstances” in determining whether the communication was intended as a threat.

What about my Right to Free Speech?

Florida appellate courts have held that threats to commit bodily injury, kill, or commit acts of terrorism or a mass shooting are not protected forms of speech under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

In Smith v. State, the same case cited by Puy v. State, the court found that the law against written threats is justified by the right of all people in the state to live free of unexpected and unwarranted fear or harm. The court further held that it’s important to distinguish between “true threats from crude hyperbole,” and many courts continue to employ this analysis when interpreting this law. To learn more about the crime of written threats visit our blog here.

In Saidi v. State, the court found that threats to injure or kill are not constitutionally protected. This means that because threats to injure or kill are not constitutionally protected, a person’s 1st Amendment right is not violated by the legislature’s prohibition against written or electronic threats under Section 836.10.

Finding a Defense Attorney in Tallahassee, Florida

If you or a loved one have been accused of a crime, it is imperative that you prioritize reaching out to a skilled defense attorney in your area. It’s important to understand that even a teenager’s emotional video is being taken seriously by authorities and could result in criminal repercussions. Receiving quality legal advice can make the difference between facing severe penalties such as expensive fines and jail time or walking away free. Going to court can be a stressful situation, so make sure you have a strong legal defense team on your side. Don Pumphrey and his legal team at Pumphrey Law Firm have experience representing clients all over Florida for various crimes. They are prepared to stand in your corner and fight for your freedom. For a free consultation call (850) 681-7777 or leave an online message today.

Written by Jesus Lozano

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